You can hide and show elements for different component or global variants. In the Visibility section, there are three options:

Visibility options
  • Visible — the element is shown.
  • Rendered but invisible (aka display:none). Here, the element you are hiding will still be rendered to the page (the DOM elements will be created and styled), but just hidden with css property display:none. This means we can hide and show the element using just css without running any javascript, which is a great fit for when you’re targeting interaction variants (like :hover) or responsive breakpoints (media queries), which can also be triggered by css selectors without running javascript.
  • Not rendered. Here, the element you are hiding will not be rendered at all; in React speak, this is conditional rendering, like doing {ifTrue && <Blah />}. This is a good fit when you’re hiding components that will be doing data fetches or creating other side effects that you don’t need, or when you’re hiding large chunks of content, like in a tabbed UI, and you don’t want to pay the cost of rendering content unless they are shown.

Which one should you use?

  • For targeting interaction variants and responsive breakpoints, display:none is usually what you want. This will give you a more robust result not just for SSR but :hover etc as well.
  • For other normal component variants, conditional rendering probably makes more sense. Toggling these variants requires running javascript anyway, and this avoids rendering unnecessary content or firing errant fetches and side effects, making it easier to reason about the state of your application.
  • For mostly static pages, you can generally stick with display:none; for stateful applications with lots of dynamic instrumentations, you’ll want to consider the above implications more carefully.
  • There are many good exceptions to these rules, which is why the choice is available to you!
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