Get started with Next.js

You must first create a project in Plasmic.

To view this quickstart with all the IDs and token placeholders replaced with real values, open your project in Plasmic Studio and press the "Code" button in the top toolbar.

Overview

This covers integrating Plasmic into your existing Next.js codebase.

Want to quickly generate a new codebase with Plasmic already integrated? Use create-plasmic-app instead, or just press the Publish button in your project to push a new repo to GitHub!

Want to generate source code into your codebase? Learn about codegen.

Installation

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npm install @plasmicapp/loader-nextjs
# or yarn add @plasmicapp/loader-nextjs

Initialization

Initialize Plasmic with the project ID and public API token. Define this in its own module to make it available globally.

./plasmic-init.ts
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import { initPlasmicLoader } from "@plasmicapp/loader-nextjs";
export const PLASMIC = initPlasmicLoader({
projects: [
{
id: "PROJECTID", // ID of a project you are using
token: "APITOKEN" // API token for that project
}
],
// Fetches the latest revisions, whether or not they were unpublished!
// Disable for production to ensure you render only published changes.
preview: true,
})

To find your project’s ID and public API token: open the project in Plasmic Studio.

The project ID is in the URL, like: https://studio.plasmic.app/projects/PROJECTID.

The public API token can be found by clicking the Code toolbar button.

Auto load all Plasmic pages

To automatically render all Plasmic-defined pages at the routes specified in Plasmic, create a Next.js catch-all page.

Create either:

  • pages/[[...catchall]].tsx if you want the / route to render the corresponding Plasmic page (you must remove any existing pages/index.tsx), or
  • pages/[...catchall].tsx otherwise (your Plasmic project must not have a page whose route is /—change the route to something else if you do).

In all cases, the Plasmic page will only be there if there is no existing page already in pages/... for that route.

pages/[[...catchall]].tsx
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import * as React from 'react';
import {
PlasmicComponent,
ComponentRenderData,
PlasmicRootProvider,
extractPlasmicQueryData
} from '@plasmicapp/loader-nextjs';
import { GetStaticPaths, GetStaticProps } from 'next';
import Error from 'next/error';
import { useRouter } from 'next/router';
import { PLASMIC } from '../plasmic-init';
/**
* Use fetchPages() to fetch list of pages that have been created in Plasmic
*/
export const getStaticPaths: GetStaticPaths = async () => {
const pages = await PLASMIC.fetchPages();
return {
paths: pages.map((page) => ({
params: { catchall: page.path.substring(1).split('/') }
})),
fallback: 'blocking'
};
};
/**
* For each page, pre-fetch the data we need to render it
*/
export const getStaticProps: GetStaticProps = async (context) => {
const { catchall } = context.params ?? {};
// Convert the catchall param into a path string
const plasmicPath =
typeof catchall === 'string' ? catchall : Array.isArray(catchall) ? `/${catchall.join('/')}` : '/';
const plasmicData = await PLASMIC.maybeFetchComponentData(plasmicPath);
if (!plasmicData) {
// This is some non-Plasmic catch-all page
return {
props: {}
};
}
// This is a path that Plasmic knows about.
const pageMeta = plasmicData.entryCompMetas[0];
// Cache the necessary data fetched for the page.
const queryCache = await extractPlasmicQueryData(
<PlasmicRootProvider loader={PLASMIC} prefetchedData={plasmicData} pageParams={pageMeta.params}>
<PlasmicComponent component={pageMeta.displayName} />
</PlasmicRootProvider>
);
// Pass the data in as props.
return {
props: { plasmicData, queryCache },
// Using incremental static regeneration, will invalidate this page
// after 300s (no deploy webhooks needed)
revalidate: 300
};
};
/**
* Actually render the page!
*/
export default function CatchallPage(props: { plasmicData?: ComponentRenderData; queryCache?: Record<string, any> }) {
const { plasmicData, queryCache } = props;
const router = useRouter();
if (!plasmicData || plasmicData.entryCompMetas.length === 0) {
return <Error statusCode={404} />;
}
const pageMeta = plasmicData.entryCompMetas[0];
return (
// Pass in the data fetched in getStaticProps as prefetchedData
<PlasmicRootProvider
loader={PLASMIC}
prefetchedData={plasmicData}
prefetchedQueryData={queryCache}
pageParams={pageMeta.params}
pageQuery={router.query}
>
{
// pageMeta.displayName contains the name of the component you fetched.
}
<PlasmicComponent component={pageMeta.displayName} />
</PlasmicRootProvider>
);
}

Notes:

  • You can use incremental static regeneration with getStaticProps.
  • If your project has dynamic pages and you are using SSG, you will need to manually add your dynamic routes to getStaticPaths. Learn more about dynamic pages.

Render a single Plasmic page or component

Note: You can instead auto-load all Plasmic pages at the correct routes (recommended) rather than manually loading individual pages—see previous section.

We use Next.js’s getStaticProps() to fetch the design statically.

For example, to render a page: add a file under pages/, named for your desired route, with the following code.

COMPONENT_OR_PAGEROUTE refers to the name of the page or component that you want to render, such as Winter22LandingPage. If it’s a page, you can also use the route you assigned the page in Plasmic, like /landing.

pages/mypage.tsx
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// This page will show up at the route /mypage
import {
PlasmicRootProvider,
PlasmicComponent,
ComponentRenderData,
extractPlasmicQueryData
} from '@plasmicapp/loader-nextjs';
import { useRouter } from 'next/router';
import { PLASMIC } from '../plasmic-init';
// Statically fetch the data needed to render Plasmic pages or components.
export const getStaticProps = async () => {
// You can pass in multiple page paths or component names.
const plasmicData = await PLASMIC.fetchComponentData('COMPONENT_OR_PAGEROUTE');
if (!plasmicData) {
throw new Error('No Plasmic design found');
}
const compMeta = plasmicData.entryCompMetas[0];
// Cache the necessary data fetched for the page
const queryCache = await extractPlasmicQueryData(
<PlasmicRootProvider loader={PLASMIC} prefetchedData={plasmicData} pageParams={compMeta.params}>
<PlasmicComponent component={compMeta.displayName} />
</PlasmicRootProvider>
);
return {
props: {
plasmicData,
queryCache
// ...
},
// Using incremental static regeneration, will invalidate this page
// after 300s (no deploy webhooks needed)
revalidate: 300
};
};
// Render the page or component from Plasmic.
export default function MyPage(props: { plasmicData: ComponentRenderData; queryCache?: Record<string, any> }) {
const router = useRouter();
const compMeta = props.plasmicData.entryCompMetas[0];
return (
<PlasmicRootProvider
loader={PLASMIC}
prefetchedData={props.plasmicData}
prefetchedQueryData={props.queryCache}
pageParams={compMeta.params}
pageQuery={router.query}
>
<PlasmicComponent component={compMeta.displayName} />
</PlasmicRootProvider>
);
}

Notes:

  • You can skip getStaticProps to fetch dynamically at runtime.
  • Use getServerSideProps instead of getStaticProps for SSR.
  • Here we are using incremental static regeneration with getStaticProps, so no deploy webhooks needed.

Add custom code components

Let your Plasmic Studio users drag/drop and visually manipulate any React component! (Learn more.)

Step 1

Create a simple example React component:

components/HelloWorld.tsx
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import React, { ReactNode } from 'react';
export interface HelloWorldProps {
children?: ReactNode;
className?: string;
verbose?: boolean;
}
export function HelloWorld({ children, className, verbose }: HelloWorldProps) {
return (
<div className={className} style={{ padding: '20px' }}>
<p>Hello there! {verbose && 'Really nice to meet you!'}</p>
<div>{children}</div>
</div>
);
}

Step 2

Add the following to your plasmic-init.ts to register it:

./plasmic-init.ts
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import { HelloWorld } from './components/HelloWorld';
// ...
export const PLASMIC = initPlasmicLoader(/* ... */);
PLASMIC.registerComponent(HelloWorld, {
name: 'HelloWorld',
props: {
verbose: 'boolean',
children: 'slot'
}
});

Step 3

Create a special hidden page at route /plasmic-host.

pages/plasmic-host.tsx
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import * as React from 'react';
import { PlasmicCanvasHost } from '@plasmicapp/loader-nextjs';
import { PLASMIC } from '../plasmic-init';
export default function PlasmicHost() {
return PLASMIC && <PlasmicCanvasHost />;
}

Step 4

Start your app:

components/HelloWorld.tsx
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npm run dev

And check that you see a confirmation message at http://localhost:3000/plasmic-host.

Step 5

Open https://studio.plasmic.app, click the menu for the current project, select "Configure project," and set it to http://localhost:3000/plasmic-host.

configure project menu

Step 6

Re-open this project (or reload this tab) to see your component listed in the insert menu!

insert code component

Later, after you deploy the route to production, update the project to use your production host URL instead, such as https://my-app.com/plasmic-host. This way, other members of your team (who can’t access your localhost dev server) will be able to open and edit the project in Plasmic. (Again, the /plasmic-host route itself is a special hidden route not meant for humans to visit; it is only for Plasmic Studio to hook into.)

Note: If you run next export rather than (say) hosting on Vercel, then by default it exports with .html suffixes (unlike the routes in the dev server), so you would get /plasmic-host.html in production. Either include the .html in your host URL, or suppress exporting with .html with trailingSlash: true in your next.config.js.

Learn more about code components.

Using Plasmic components in _app.js

You may be using _app.js to render parts of your layout that is common to all pages. If you want to use Plasmic components in _app.js, you need to make sure that:

  1. <PlasmicRootProvider/> is moved to your _app.js,
  2. Plasmic designs are still fetched from the page component’s getStaticProps, and used from the _app.js component.

For example, suppose in _app.js, you want to use the NavHeader component that is designed in Plasmic. You can do so this way:

pages/_app.tsx
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import { PLASMIC } from '../plasmic-init';
export default function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) {
return (
// Make use of data fetched by the page component's getStaticProps()
<PlasmicRootProvider loader={PLASMIC} prefetchedData={pageProps.plasmicData}>
<div>
<PlasmicComponent component="NavHeader" />
<Component {...pageProps} />
</div>
</PlasmicRootProvider>
);
}
pages/some-page.tsx
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import { PLASMIC } from '../plasmic-init';
import { useRouter } from 'next/router';
import { PageParamsProvider } from '@plasmicapp/loader-nextjs';
export function getStaticProps() {
// Be sure to also fetch data for `NavHeader`
const plasmicData = await PLASMIC.fetchComponentData('SomePage', 'NavHeader');
return {
props: {
plasmicData
}
};
}
export default function SomePage() {
const router = useRouter();
// no need for <PlasmicRootProvider />
return (
<PageParamsProvider params={router.query} query={router.query}>
<PlasmicComponent component="SomePage" />
</PageParamsProvider>
);
}

There’s much more to explore!

For example:

Continue learning in the full docs.

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